Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades. With this comes the promise of significant petro-revenues and prospects of natural gas-driven structural transformation, bringing with it improved economic and social conditions for the people of Tanzania. However, experiences from other countries suggest that it is challenging to turn natural resource wealth into improved welfare for the majority of citizens. In this brief, we focus on challenges related to the management of government revenues, particularly tax. We argue that continued efforts to expand the non-resource tax base is essential for successful management of the resource wealth.
On 11-12th of November, Dr. Abel Kinyondo (REPOA) and Mr. Fred Matola (National Bureau of Statistic) represented the Tanzania as a future petro-state research programme at a regional dialogue meeting in Entebbe, Uganda. The dialogue sought to explore the potential of achieving inclusive development in the East African region in the face of recent oil and gas discoveries. Discussions focused on the governance of oil and gas sector and examined political, legal and regulatory frameworks as well as civil society initiatives in respect to management and utilization of revenue for the benefits of all citizens. The workshop brought together participants from Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Botswana, Ghana, Nigeria, and South Sudan. The event was sponsored by FES, Uganda.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Tanzania is launching the “Tanzania Oil and Gas Almanac & other Tools for Transparency” today,29th of September in Dar es Salaam. The event is hosted in collaboration with OpenOil and the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI).
The event introduces a number of transparency initiatives. Specifically, FES Tanzania, launching its “Tanzania Oil and Gas Almanac”, a Wikipedia and living database for publicly available information around the Tanzanian Oil and Gas sector.
Berlin-based OpenOil has a presentation on the prototype of the “Tanzania Pilot”, a visual demonstration of how much insight is possible by combining many different layers of information on extractive industries in one data package. On the other hand, the NRGI gives a comprehensive analysis of Open Data in extractive industries through looking at a range of NGRI initiatives and projects aimed at promoting accountability and transparency in the field.
For more information visit FES Tanzania website
Four researchers from CMI/NHH and REPOA, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Jan Isaksen, Donald Mmari and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, participated at the 1st Annual Congress of African Tax Research Network (ATRN) made a presentation of the preliminary findings from the project “Managing the resource curse: An experimental study on the effects of expectations about petro-revenue in Tanzania”.
The Project is a joint work with The Choice Lab researchers Alexander Cappelen and Bertil Tungodden.
The conference took place in Cape Town, South Africa, on 2nd and 4th September, 2015 where Fjeldstad and Isaksen chaired the first two parallel sessions of the conference.
Click here to see the conference programme.
In this article Tanzanian law firm Breakthrough Attorneys offers an extensive analysis of Tanzania’s new Oil And Gas legal framework, with the recently entacted Petroleum Act 2015.
Undoubtedly, the future economy of Tanzania depends on extractive industry as means of economic expansion being both a usable resource as well as a commodity for international trade and finance.
Together, oil and natural gas may bring Tanzania unprecedented mobility, help generate electricity, and are used to produce everything from agriculture fertilizers to synthetic clothing to product packaging and countless other items.
For a full article click here
Dr Donald Mmari had an opportunity to comment on BBC on how Tanzania could soon be entering into a new Fairtrade deal to sell gold to the UK — the first of its kind in Africa.
The BBC reporter Tulanana Bohela said that Tanzania’s hope is that Fairtrade standards will help break the cycle of poverty in the country’s richest region and Dr. Mmari had to give his views on the impact of the fairtrade on the local gold brokers.
“Could it force them out of business? Is Fairtrade really a win-win deal? how sustainable is it considering the dominance of large mining companies”? Asked the reporter and below is the link to the programme clip;
More on fairtrade;
AFROBAROMETER has recently released the full Round 5 merged dataset for 34 countries in Africa. Toto download the SPSS dataset click here and the codebook click here .
Afrobarometer is an African-led, non-partisan survey research project that measures citizen attitudes on democracy and governance, the economy, civil society, and other topics. Currently Afrobarometer conducts surveys in more than 30 African countries and REPOA is national coordinator for Afrobarometer in Tanzania
This month, the fieldwork for Understanding the resource curse: A survey experiment in Tanzania is in progress in Mtwara, Lindi and Dar es Salaam.
From Monday 20 July, 10 enumerators and 2 team leaders plus field manager Cornel Jahari will be collecting household data in the three regions. Before going to the field, the enumerators had 2 days of training, including a research ethics lecture given by Blandina Kilama.
The study is part of the “Tanzania as a Future Petro-State Programme” (Component 3 “Revenue and Expenditure Management”). In addition to programme managers Donald Mmari and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, the study involves Bertil Tungodden, Alexander Cappelen and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen from the Norwegian school of Economics.
On July 5th, 2015, the Tanzania National Assembly endorsed the Petroleum Bill 2015.
REPOA’s 20th Annual Research Workshop (ARW) was held on 25th and 26th March 2015 and the theme for this year was Harnessing Natural Resources for Socioeconomic Transformation.
Objective of this workshop:
To address the role of natural resources in bringing about socioeconomic transformation, and to promote policy dialogue based on evidence from research on matters related to the management of natural resources and transformation of the economy to achieve inclusive development. Inclusive development is attained only if the majority of the present and future generations of citizens benefit from economic growth.
Researchers from REPOA, CMI and the National Bureau of Statistics who are team members of the research programme on Tanzania as a Future Petro-State presented their work during the workshop.
This website and the data portal were launched during the workshop. The data portal provides useful tool for analysing information on Tanzania.
The guest of honour Hon. Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda gave an opening speech
Below are papers presented at the event Continue reading REPOA’s 20th Annual Research Workshop (ARW)