An increasing amount of data for policymaking and public engagement in Tanzania are being made available in the Tanzania Petro Hub (http://data.tanpetstate.org/ ). Below are the latest ones:
- A time series of gas production by field monthly 2007- 2015 you may find at (http://data.tanpetstate.org/dataset/gas-production-in-tanzania/resource/0fc7719b-7966-465d-97d7-d35a56fb46e6). The data show an uneven increase in gas production 2007-2015 with an average of 6.1 per cent p.a. and a spurt of 20.8% during 2105. The latter is largely a result of the launch of production related to infrastructure investment in previous years.
- It is now also possible to analyze the use of gas for electricity generation (including all electricity generation capacity) in Tanzania for the years 2005 to 2015. The data at (http://data.tanpetstate.org/dataset/elctric-pover-generation-in-tanzania/resource/8a03c10a-6f94-4af5-a14d-171bd3dc2ce9) are disaggregated by plant and by subgroups of energy bearer (gas oil hydro).
- Calculation of the gas industry share of GDP is now enabled by NBS’ publication of the Census of Industrial Production (CIP, 2013) covering data for year 2013. The data, also available in the Petro Data Hub (http://data.tanpetstate.org/dataset/gross-domestic-product-estimates/resource/f8e86eea-e8d8-40c3-a88e-5c6e3f256784) show an increase from 2007 to 2015 in the share of crude oil and gas to total Tanzania GDP from 0.5 percent in 2007 to about 1.0 percent in 2015, mostly caused by a strong growth over the years 2009 to 2012. The data are available on the on the NBS website, together with a wide selection of other relevant data (e.g. the full 2013 CIP).
- A working paper outlining the way forward for the Petro Data Hub will be presented at the ARW 2017.
The working paper at (http://www.cmi.no/publications/file/6196-policy-making-in-the-tanzanian-petro-state.pdf/), entitled “Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis” has taken a long time in construction since the original concept for the Petro Data Hub comprises several priorities that will have to be balanced against each other. First, it should serve many different interests like data demands of researchers within the petrostate programme but additionally also the needs of the wider research community, civil society and other individuals in Tanzania. Second, since the petro-programme covers both the petroleum (gas) sector itself but importantly also its social and economic effects on Tanzania, it could potentially cover nearly all social, economic (and other) statistics and thus overlap completely the data disseminated by NBS and all other statistics producing institutions in the country. The line taken has been to cover wide areas of statistical information but restrict the data presented to those that may be said to cover areas of interest for the research programme.
In many areas, the present availability of relevant data is poor. This was shown in the first part of the paper where we examined and presented accessible data including the resource base and its exploitation spatially and geologically; then investments, operators and production, including a brief historical overview. The economic contribution of the gas resource in terms of GDP, investment, external trade and balance of payments, employment and fiscal contribution as well as social contribution was also covered.
The Data Hub is structured as a number of Groups, presently in all 22 (some more may be necessary in future). The actual composition of groups can be seen in http://data.tanpetstate.org/group?page=1. Each group will contain one or more datasets and accompanying metadata.
The Data Hub will not only comprise numerical data but also link to a number of important legal and policy documents as well as governance and institutions. In addition, aspects of petroleum geology and resources including territory issues are included. Quantitative data will include exploration and investment in the petroleum industry, information on various types of capital goods (e.g. petroleum pipelines) for the industry. Current statistics on petroleum (gas) production and sales and foreign trade will be included, as well as activities in other and petroleum related industry like energy, production, investment and consumption. Overall effects of the petro industries will be gauged in a section on national accounts, including financial and budget issues as well as quantitative analysis and models for the petroleum industry. Finally, the wider issues like social developments and poverty as well as environment information and petro related politics in Tanzania, like opinion polls on petroleum issues will be included. A section on international comparative statistics will have links to international databases for comparison purposes.
It is hoped that a useable database can be presented at the ARW 2017 in Dar es Salaam. The Data Hub will continue to be “work in progress” as new datasets will be added to it as they become available. The Data Hub will have to be based completely on secondary statistics, as the data component of the petro programme does not have means to collect primary data.