Petrostate Blog for the Period of 06 to 19 August 2018

Research
Can smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania 
The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one of the leading producers and exporters of natural gas in the coming decade. However, 88 percent of poor Tanzanians live in rural areas and two-third of the labour force is engaged in agriculture. For the extractive industry to serve as a catalyst for economic growth and poverty reduction, it has to be integrated with the rest of the economy through forward and backward linkages. Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 06 to 19 August 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 23 July 2018 to 05 August 2018

Research
The Fifth Tax Statistics Report

 The 5th Tax Statistics Report for 2016/17  has  been released, providing an overview of tax revenue collections and information for the fiscal years 2005/06 to 2016/17.  Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA), the Ministry of Finance and Planning (MoFP), the Presidents’ Office – Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG) and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) play a central in compilation of the data. This report is for Tanzania Mainland and all figures are reported in Tanzania shillings. For instance among other things the report shows that from 2005/06 to 2016/17, the average annual growth of revenue from excise duty on imports was 27.1 percent. The growth was mostly influenced by excise duty on petroleum products. Petroleum imports contributed about 84.8 percentage points to total excise duty on imports.

Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 23 July 2018 to 05 August 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 09 July 2018 to 22 July 2018

Research

What Mining Can Learn from Oil: A Study of Special Transfer Pricing Practices in the Oil Sector, and their Potential Application to Hard Rock Minerals
This paper looks at whether special practices in the oil sector that provide materially greater protection against transfer pricing risk could be applied to hard rock minerals. These are (1) administrative pricing, where government, rather than the taxpayer sets the price for crude oil; and (2) the no-profit rule, which prevents joint venture partners from charging a profit mark-up on the cost of providing goods and services to the group. The paper finds that administrative pricing may be effective at curtailing undercharging of specific mineral products, for example, base and precious metals. The no-profit rule is a less obvious “fit” for mining given the lack of joint ventures, and alternative rules to limit cost overstatement may be required instead
Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 09 July 2018 to 22 July 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 25 June 2018 to 08 July 2018

Research

Transparency initiatives and Tanzania’s extractive industry governance
This paper examines Tanzania’s adoption and implementation of transparency in extractive sector governance. The paper examined Tanzania’s EITI implementation process, its reconciliation reports and how these reports are used by the parliament, media and civil society to push for governance improvements in the sector.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21665095.2018.1486219#.WzZbU9XY2fw.twitter

Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 25 June 2018 to 08 July 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 11 June 2018 to 24 June 2018

Research

Institutional influence on power sector investments: A case study of on- and off-grid energy in Kenya and Tanzania.
With the recent decline of renewable energy technology costs most notably solar photovoltaics off-grid energy systems are becoming increasingly attractive alternatives to grid extension for advancing rural electrification in Africa. However, there are institutional challenges to wider adoption of off-grid solutions. Combining a multi-level perspective with project funding data from the Kenyan and Tanzanian energy sectors, authors assess the extent to which these new off-grid technologies have been incorporated into the existing energy regimes in both countries. Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 11 June 2018 to 24 June 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 28 May 2018 to 10 June 2018

Research

Beneficial Ownership Screening: Practical Measures to Reduce Corruption Risks in Extractives Licensing- Briefing

NRGI reviewed over 50 mining and oil laws and found that about half contained prohibitions on government officials or their close associates – often called “politically exposed persons” (PEPs) – holding interests in companies applying for extractives licenses, but none required regulators to actually check whether or not such PEP interests existed as part of screening license applications. Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 28 May 2018 to 10 June 2018

Petrostate Blog for the Period of 14 May 2018 to 27 May 2018

Research

Status of Power System Transformation 2018: Summary for Policy Makers
Power plants play a critical role in enhancing system flexibility. Based on a wealth of real-life case studies and data, this report provides a comprehensive overview of how power plants can contribute to making power systems more flexible, while enhancing electricity security. It summarises the findings of the Advanced Power Plant Flexibility (APPF) campaign of the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). The solutions presented in this study have been collected in close collaboration with industry stakeholders, including manufacturers, expert consultancies, system operators and plant operators. Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the Period of 14 May 2018 to 27 May 2018

Petrostate Blog for the period 30.04.2018 to 13.05.2018

Research

The Role of Natural Gas, Renewables and Energy Efficiency in Decarbonisation in Germany: The need to complement renewables by decarbonized gas to meet the Paris targets
by Ralf Dickel, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

As the European region continues to prioritise the decarbonisation of its energy system, Germany provides a fascinating case study of the potential gains and pitfalls from the introduction of renewables into the energy mix, in particular with relation to gas. Continue reading Petrostate Blog for the period 30.04.2018 to 13.05.2018